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The Art of Diplomacy: Historical Perspectives and Current Realities
Nearly four centuries ago, François de Callières, a distinguished French diplomat in the court of King Louis XIV, wrote one of the first practical manuals of modern diplomacy, De la manière de négocier avec les souverains. First published and translated into English in 1716 and reedited in 1983 and 1994, de Callières’ book remains among the most notable and definitive works on international diplomacy. Since the Sun King’s reign, the diplomatic and political landscapes of both France and the United States have changed, as have both nations’ respective roles in international diplomatic and political matters.
Recognizing the leadership the United States and France have demonstrated in recent, critical matters of international peace and diplomacy, the French-American Foundation engaged distinguished diplomats and experts in a transatlantic dialogue exploring the changes diplomacy has undergone over time, the role of the diplomat in today’s shifting geopolitical landscape, the enduring diplomatic relevance of the French-American bilateral relationship, and other themes.
The afternoon conference began with a luncheon and keynote address by His Excellency François Delattre, Ambassador of France to the United States, followed by a panel discussion with the experts listed below. Panel member Ken Adelman closed out the afternoon with a presentation on the Reykjavik Summit and his new book, Reagan at Reykjavik: Forty-Eight Hours that Ended the Cold War (Harper Collins 2014).
To watch a Foundation interview on diplomacy and economy with The Honorable Robert Hormats, click here.
This event is made possible with the support of Air France, exclusive official airline of the French-American Foundation
His Excellency François Delattre
Ambassador of France to the United States
François Delattre was appointed Ambassador of France to the United States in February 2011 following several North American postings; he served as Ambassador to Canada (2008-2011), Consul-General in New York (2004-2008) and Press and Communications Director at the French Embassy in Washington, DC (1998-2002).
Before becoming the Foreign Minister’s deputy chief of staff (2002-2004), Mr. Delattre monitored defense issues as well as European and transatlantic security concerns. He was responsible for these issues, including the Bosnia crisis, as a member of President Jacques Chirac’s foreign policy team (1995-1998).
Mr. Delattre was responsible for these same portfolios as a staffer for Foreign Minister Alain Juppé (1993-1995), following two years at the Department of Strategic Affairs and Disarmament at the Quai d’Orsay (1991-1993).
Before that, he served at the French Embassy in Bonn, Germany (1989-1991), where he was notable in charge of environmental issues and Germany’s economic integration following reunification.
The Honorable Ken Adelman
Former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations; former Director, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency; and author of Reagan at Reykjavik — Forty-Eight Hours that Ended the Cold War (Broadside Books 2014)
Ambassador Ken Adelman is the author of Reagan at Reykjavik — Forty-Eight Hours that Ended the Cold War.
Adelman was Director of the U.S. Arms Control Agency for President Ronald Reagan during the 1986 Reykjavik summit, and accompanied Reagan at three superpower summits. He also served as a U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, and Assistant to the U.S. Secretary of Defense.
Adelman is Executive Producer of a feature film “Reykjavik” with Michael Douglas as Ronald Reagan, Christoph Waltz as Mikhail Gorbachev, and Ridley Scott as Producer. After government, he taught Shakespeare at Georgetown and George Washington Universities, and National Security Studies at Johns Hopkins and those two universities.
Graduating as a religion major from Grinnell College, Adelman received a Masters in Foreign Service Studies and a Doctorate in Political Theory from Georgetown University.
With his humor, wit, and insight, he has been a top-evaluated keynote speaker for YPO, industry and professional groups across the country. Appearing frequently on television and radio, he is a superb storyteller with an accomplished career.
The Honorable Paula J. Dobriansky
Senior Fellow, Harvard University, JFK Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs;
& former Ambassador and Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs
Ambassador Paula J. Dobriansky is a Senior Fellow at Harvard University’s JFK Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, and Chair of the National Board of Directors of the World Affairs Councils of America. She is also a Senior Director with the Albright Stonebridge Group.
From 2010 to 2012, Ambassador Dobriansky was Senior Vice President and Global Head of Government and Regulatory Affairs at Thomson Reuters. In this position, she was responsible for designing and implementing a corporate approach for engagement in Washington, D.C. and other key capitals around the globe and was instrumental in the development of Thomson Reuters’ financial regulatory strategy. During this time, she was also appointed as the Distinguished National Security Chair at the U.S. Naval Academy.
From 2001 to 2009, Ambassador Dobriansky served as Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs. Among her primary accomplishments, she established and led the U.S.-India, U.S.-China, and U.S.- Brazil Global Issues Fora -- which advanced crucial work and international cooperation on environment, energy, health, development, and humanitarian issues. Additionally, she was head of delegation and lead negotiator on U.S. climate change policy.
In February 2007, as the President's Special Envoy to Northern Ireland, Ambassador Dobriansky contributed to the historic devolution of power in Belfast. For her leadership, she received the Secretary of State’s highest honor, the Distinguished Service Medal. From 1997 to 2001, Ambassador Dobriansky served as Senior Vice President and Director of the Washington Office of the Council on Foreign Relations. She was also the Council's first George F. Kennan Senior Fellow for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
A member of the Council on Foreign Relations, Ambassador Dobriansky serves on various boards, including the Smith-Richardson Foundation, the American University in Afghanistan, Freedom House, the Atlantic Council and the Australian-American Leadership Dialogue. She is also a Trustee of the Trilateral Commission and on the Advisory Board of Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service. Previous boards include the Western NIS Enterprise Fund, National Endowment for Democracy (Vice Chair), and George Mason University Board of Visitors.
During her more than 25 years in national security affairs, Ambassador Dobriansky has held many Senate-confirmed and senior-level positions in the U.S. Government including Associate Director for Policy and Programs at the United States Information Agency, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs, Deputy Head of the U.S. Delegation to the 1990 Copenhagen Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), Advisor to the U.S. Delegation to the 1985 U.N. Decade for Women Conference in Nairobi, Kenya, and Director of European and Soviet Affairs at the National Security Council, the White House. From 1997 to 2001, she served on the President-appointed U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.
Ambassador Dobriansky has lectured and published articles, book chapters, and Op-Ed pieces on foreign affairs-related topics. For three years, she hosted Freedom's Challenge and co-hosted Worldwise, the international affairs programs on National Empowerment Television. She has been interviewed widely on television and radio and has testified frequently before the Senate Foreign Relations and House International Relations Committees.
She received a B.S.F.S. summa cum laude in International Politics from Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and a M.A. and Ph.D. in Soviet political/military affairs from Harvard University. She is a Fulbright-Hays scholar, Ford and Rotary Foundation Fellow, a member of Phi Beta Kappa and a recipient of various honors such as the Foreign Policy Association Medal for her service to country and leadership of the World Affairs Councils of America. She has received other high-level international recognition including the Commander Cross of the Order of Merit of Poland, Poland's Highest Medal of Merit, Grand Cross of Commander of the Order of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas, National Order "Star of Romania", Hungary’s Commander’s Cross Order of Merit and Ukraine’s Order of Merit. She has also received three Honorary Doctorates of Humane Letters and one Honorary Doctorate of Laws.
The Honorable Robert Hormats
Vice Chairman, Kissinger Associates, Inc.;
& former Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment
Robert Hormats is Vice Chairman of Kissinger Associates Inc. the New York based strategic international consulting firm that assesses and navigates emerging market geopolitical and macroeconomic risk for its clients. Previously Bob served as Under Secretary of State for Economic, Energy and Environmental Affairs from September 2009 to July 2013.
Before this Bob was vice chairman of Goldman Sachs (International) for 25 years. Earlier, Bob served as Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs from 1981 to 1982, Ambassador and Deputy U.S. Trade Representative from 1979 to 1981, and Senior Deputy Assistant Secretary for Economic and Business Affairs. He served as a senior staff member for International Economic Affairs on the National Security Council from 1969 to 1977, where he was senior economic advisor to Dr. Henry Kissinger, General Brent Scowcroft, and Dr. Zbigniew Brzezinski.
Bob has worked extensively in Western Europe, China, India, Russia, the Middle East and South East Asia. His areas of expertise and experience include international trade and investment, intellectual property, foreign investment in the United States, protection of trade secrets, and global energy issues.
Bob has been a visiting lecturer at Princeton and served on the Board of Visitors of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and the Dean’s Council of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Economic Club of New York.
Bob’s publications include The Price of Liberty: Paying for America's Wars from the Revolution to the War on Terror; Abraham Lincoln and the Global Economy. Bob earned a BA from Tufts University in 1965, and an MA in 1966, and a PhD in 1970 International Economics from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.
Walter Russell Mead
James Clarke Chace Professor of Foreign Affairs and the Humanities, Bard College
Walter Russell Mead is the James Clarke Chace Professor of Foreign Affairs and the Humanities at Bard College and Editor-at-Large of The American Interest. From 1997 to 2010, Mr. Mead was a fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, serving as the Henry A. Kissinger Senior Fellow for U.S. Foreign Policy from 2003 until his departure. Until 2011, he was also a Brady-Johnson Distinguished Fellow in Grand Strategy at Yale, where he taught in the International Security Studies Program since 2008.
His book, Special Providence: American Foreign Policy and How It Changed the World (Alfred A. Knopf, 2004), was widely hailed by reviewers, historians, and diplomats as an important study that will change the way Americans and others think about American foreign policy. Among several honors and prizes, Special Providence received the Lionel Gelber Award for best book in English on international relations in 2002.
Mr. Mead’s most recent book, God and Gold: Britain, America and the Making of the Modern World (Alfred A. Knopf, 2007), is a major study of 400 years of conflict between Anglophone powers and rivals ranging from absolute monarchies like Spain and France through Communist and Fascist enemies in the twentieth century to al-Qaeda today.
Mr. Mead writes regular essays for the website of The American Interest on international affairs, religion, politics, culture, education, economics, technology, literature, and the media. His writings are frequently linked to and discussed by major news outlets and websites such as The New York Times, The Atlantic, Financial Times, The Guardian, The Wall Street Journal, The Weekly Standard, Harper’s Magazine, The Washington Post, and RealClearPolitics, as well as by foreign periodicals. He serves as a regular reviewer of books for Foreign Affairs and frequently appears on national and international radio and television programs. In 1997, he was a finalist for the National Magazine Award in the Category of essays and criticism.
Mr. Mead is an honors graduate of Groton and Yale, where he received prizes for history, debate, and the translation of New Testament Greek. He has traveled widely in the Middle East, Asia, Europe, Africa, and Latin America, and often speaks at conferences in the United States and abroad. He is a founding board member of the New America Foundation. He is a native of South Carolina and lives in Jackson Heights, New York.
The Honorable Frank G. Wisner
Foreign Affairs Advisor, Squire Patton Boggs LLP, and former U.S. Ambassador to Zambia, Egypt, the Philippines, and India
Ambassador Frank G. Wisner is an International Affairs Advisor at Squire Patton Boggs. A career diplomat with the personal rank of Career Ambassador, he previously served as Ambassador to India from 1994-1997. Additionally, he held the positions of Ambassador to Zambia (1979-82), Egypt (1986-91), and the Philippines (1991—92). Mr. Wisner has served in a number of positions in the U.S. government, including Undersecretary of Defense for Policy (1993-94), Undersecretary of State for International Security Affairs (1992-93), Senior Deputy Assistant Secretary for African Affairs (1982-86), and Deputy Executive Secretary of the Department of State (1977). During the course of his career, Frank Wisner served in the Middle East and South and East Asia.
After leaving government service, Mr. Wisner joined the American International Group, where he was named Vice Chairman, External Affairs. He returned to government in 2005 to represent the Secretary of State as her special representative to the Kosovo status talks.
Today Mr. Wisner is a member of the Boards of Directors of AIG Property Casualty, EOG Resources and Ethan Allen, as well as the boards of numerous non-profit organizations. He is an advisor to Kissinger Associates.
A native of New York, Mr. Wisner was educated at Princeton University.
Editor, Foreign Affairs
Gideon Rose is the Editor of Foreign Affairs. He served as Managing Editor of the magazine from December 2000 to September 2010. From 1995-2000 he was Olin Senior Fellow and Deputy Director of National Security Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, and from 1994-95 he served as Associate Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs on the staff of the National Security Council. In 1986-87 he was Assistant Editor at The National Interest, and in 1985-86 held the same position at The Public Interest. He has taught American foreign policy at Columbia and Princeton universities.
Mr. Rose received a B.A. in Classics from Yale University and a Ph.D. from the Department of Government at Harvard University. His book How Wars End was published by Simon & Schuster in October 2010. Other publications include Understanding the War on Terror (edited with James F. Hoge, Jr.; Council on Foreign Relations, 2005); America and the World: Debating the New Shape of International Politics (edited with James F. Hoge, Jr.; Council on Foreign Relations, 2002); How Did This Happen? Terrorism and the New War (edited with James F. Hoge, Jr.; PublicAffairs, 2001); “Democracy Promotion and American Foreign Policy,” International Security (Winter 2000/2001); “Conservatism and American Foreign Policy: Present Laughter vs. Utopian Bliss,” The National Interest (Fall 1999); “It Can Happen Here: Facing the New Terrorism,” Foreign Affairs (March/April 1999); “The Rollback Fantasy,” Foreign Affairs (January/February 1999); and “Neoclassical Realism and Theories of Foreign Policy,” World Politics (October 1998).
Harvard Club of New York City